For further study in this topic, please consider viewing additional modules, listed on our home page
In addition, the following materials may be of interest:
Bachhuber MA, Saloner B, Cunningham CO, Barry CL. Medical cannabis laws and opioid analgesic overdose mortality in the United States, 1999-2010. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(10):1668-1673.
Boehnke KF et al. Medical cannabis use is associated with decreased opiate medication use in a retrospective cross-sectional survey of patients with chronic pain. J Pain. 2016; 17:739?744.
Hill KP. Medical marijuana for treatment of chronic pain and other medical and psychiatric problems: A Clinical review. JAMA. 2015; 313:2474-83.
Meng H et al. Selective cannabinoids for chronic neuropathic pain: A Systematic review and meta-analysis. Anesth Analg. 2017;125:1638-1652.
Miller RJ, Miller RE. Is cannabis an effective treatment for joint pain? Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2017;35 Suppl 107:59-67.
Nugent SM et al. The Effects of cannabis among adults with chronic pain and an overview of general harms: A Systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2017;167:319-331.